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Welcome to our health education library. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.


Vasectomy: Risks and ComplicationsLa vasectom­a: Riesgos y complicaciones

Vasectomy: Risks and Complications

A vasectomy is an outpatient (same day) procedure. It can be done in a doctor's office, clinic, or hospital. Before your vasectomy will be performed, you'll be asked to read and sign a consent form. This form states you're aware of the possible risks and complications and understand that the procedure, though usually successful, is not guaranteed to make you sterile. Be sure that you have all your questions answered before signing this form. After the procedure, if you have any of the following or other symptoms you're concerned about, call your doctor.

Possible Risks and Complications of Vasectomy

Vasectomy is a safe procedure. But it does have risks, including bleeding and infection. You may also have any of the following after surgery:

  • Sperm granuloma is a small, harmless lump that may form where the vas deferens is sealed off.

  • Sperm buildup (congestion) may cause soreness in the testes. Anti-inflammatory medications can provide relief.

  • Epididymitis is inflammation that may cause scrotal aching. This often goes away without treatment. Anti-inflammatory medications can provide relief.

  • Reconnection of the vas deferens can occur in rare cases. This makes you fertile again and can result in an unwanted pregnancy.

  • Sperm antibodies are a common response of the body to absorbed sperm. The antibodies can make you sterile, even if you later try to reverse your vasectomy.

  • Long-term testicular discomfort may occur after surgery, but is very rare.

Date Last Reviewed: 2007-01-15T00:00:00-07:00

Date Last Modified: 2005-11-04T00:00:00-06:00


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