Welcome to our health education library. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.
During the development of a fetus, the testicles (male sex organs) form near the kidneys. As the fetus grows, the testicles descend (move down) into the scrotum. Normally, they’re in the scrotum before the baby is born. An undescended testicle doesn’t fully descend into the scrotum.
Locating an Undescended Testicle
The undescended testicle can usually be felt during a physical exam. Your baby lies on his back for the exam. An older child may be asked to squat. The doctor places his or her fingers on the child’s groin and then gently moves them toward the scrotum until the testicle is felt. If the testicle can’t be found with an exam, imaging studies, such as ultrasound, or other special tests may be needed.
The doctor will most likely wait for a few months to see if your son’s testicle will descend on its own. The closer the testicle is to the scrotum, the greater the chance it will come down. If the testicle does not descend on its own, it can still be treated. If both testicles have not descended, or if the testicle is above the groin, the doctor may advise treatment.
If the testicle doesn’t descend on its own, it should be treated to prevent future problems. Surgery is done to bring an undescended testicle into the normal position within the scrotum.
Why Treatment Is Needed
The testicle is brought down into the scrotum during surgery.
Your son will most likely go home a few hours after surgery. He should be feeling better in 2-3 days.
Call Your Doctor If:
Bedwetting, also called nighttime enuresis, affects many children, teenagers, and even some adults. It can be frustrating. But it’s usually not a sign of a major problem. This sheet will help you and your child understand bedwetting and what can be done to overcome it.
Is Something Wrong?
Probably not. Bedwetting is rarely due to a physical problem. For many kids who wet the bed, their bladders simply need more time to mature. Some kids also sleep so deeply that they don’t wake up when they need to use the bathroom. If a child wets the bed after being dry for a while, the cause is often a lifestyle change (such as starting school) or a stressful event (such as the birth of a sibling).
What Can We Do?
Bedwetting is not your child’s fault. Getting mad or upset won’t help. But don’t ignore the problem, either. Instead, work together to cope with bedwetting. Start by visiting the doctor. This way, health problems that may be causing bedwetting can be ruled out.
Questions That May Be Asked
Your child’s healthcare provider may ask the following questions:
Your Child’s Evaluation
An exam will be done to look for physical problems. Your child’s urine may be tested for infection. You and your child may be asked to keep a log of his or her urinary patterns for a few days.
Most kids outgrow bedwetting over time, which means patience is the best cure. The doctor may suggest ways to speed up the process. This includes the ideas outlined on this sheet.
The Self-Awakening Routine
To overcome bedwetting, your child must learn to wake up when it’s time to urinate. These tips will help:
A specially designed alarm may help teach a child to wake up to urinate. These are available at drugstores, medical supply stores, and on the Internet. Bedwetting alarms help your child learn to wake up to use the bathroom. Here’s how they work:
Other Lifestyle Changes
Medications come in nasal spray, pill, or liquid form. They may reduce the amount of urine the body makes overnight. They may also help the bladder hold more fluid. Medications can give your child extra help staying dry during vacations or overnight stays away from home. But keep in mind that medications don’t cure bedwetting, and they’re not a long-term solution. Also, medications can have side effects. Talk to the doctor about using them safely.
Bedwetting isn’t something your child does on purpose. Never punish or tease a child for wetting the bed. This could make the problem worse by making your child feel ashamed and embarrassed. Instead, be positive and supportive. Praise your child for success and even for trying hard to stay dry.
Tips That May Help
Children mature at different rates. Some kids don’t walk, talk, or grow as quickly as others. And some take longer to stop wetting the bed. This doesn’t mean something’s wrong. With your patience and understanding, your child can overcome bedwetting, without hurting his or her confidence or self-esteem.